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Acetic Acid

Acetic Acid

85 INR/Kilograms

Product Details:

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Acetic Acid Price And Quantity

  • 20000 Kilograms
  • 85 INR/Kilograms

Acetic Acid Trade Information

  • 10000 Kilograms Per Day
  • 1 Days

Product Description

Acetic acid, also known as ethanoic acid, is a clear, colorless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH. It is a carboxylic acid and is one of the simplest carboxylic acids. Acetic acid is found naturally in vinegar, giving it its sour taste and pungent smell.

Acetic Acid Properties:


1. Chemical Formula: CH3COOH

2. Molecular Weight: Approximately 60.05 g/mol

3. Physical State: Acetic acid is typically a clear, colorless liquid at room temperature. However, it can also exist in the form of a solid or a gas under certain conditions.

4. Odor: It has a distinctive pungent smell, often described as vinegar-like, which is characteristic of many carboxylic acids.
Solubility: Acetic acid is highly soluble in water, forming a homogeneous mixture. This property makes it an effective component in household vinegar.

5. Acidity: As a carboxylic acid, acetic acid is acidic in nature. It readily donates a proton (H+) in aqueous solutions, making it a weak acid with a pH typically around 2.4 in a 1 M solution.

6. Boiling Point: The boiling point of acetic acid is approximately 118.1 degree centigrade. At this temperature, it undergoes vaporization, turning into acetic acid vapor.

7. Melting Point: Acetic acid solidifies at around 16.6 degree centigrade. Below this temperature, it forms crystals.

8. Density: The density of acetic acid is approximately 1.049 g/cm3 at 25 degree centigrade. This value may vary slightly depending on the concentration and temperature.

9. Reactivity: Acetic acid can react with various substances, including metals, bases, and alcohols, to form acetate salts, acetates, and esters, respectively.

10. Biodegradability: Acetic acid is biodegradable and does not persist in the environment for long periods, as it can be broken down by microorganisms.

11. Corrosiveness: While acetic acid is generally considered a weak acid, concentrated solutions can be corrosive to certain materials, including metals and some plastics.

12. Flammability: Acetic acid is flammable in both liquid and vapor forms. It can ignite under certain conditions and should be handled with appropriate precautions.

Acetic Acid Applications:


1. Food Industry:


a. Vinegar Production: Acetic acid is the main component of vinegar, giving it its characteristic sour taste and aroma. It is produced through the fermentation of ethanol by acetic acid bacteria.

b. Food Preservation: It is used as a preservative in pickles, sauces, dressings, and other food products to inhibit the growth of bacteria and fungi.

2. Chemical Industry:


a. Manufacture of Chemicals: Acetic acid serves as a precursor in the production of numerous chemicals, including:

  • Vinyl acetate monomer (VAM), which is used in the production of polyvinyl acetate (PVA) and other polymers.
  • Acetic anhydride, an important reagent in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, plastics, and cellulose acetate.
  • Various esters used as solvents, flavoring agents, and fragrance components.

b. Solvent: Acetic acid is used as a solvent for various organic compounds in chemical synthesis and processing.

3. Textile Industry:


Acetic acid is employed in textile processing, particularly in the production of cellulose acetate fibers and films.

4. Pharmaceutical Industry:


It is used in the production of pharmaceuticals, including acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) and various acetate esters.

5. Laboratory Applications:


a. Acetic acid is used in laboratories as a solvent for various purposes, including chromatography and sample preparation.

b. It serves as a reagent in chemical reactions and synthesis.

6. Cleaning and Household Products:


a. Acetic acid is found in many household cleaning products, including glass cleaners, surface disinfectants, and descaling agents.

b. It is used for removing mineral deposits and stains due to its acidic properties.

7. Personal Care Products:


Acetic acid is used in personal care products such as shampoos, hair conditioners, and skin creams for its antibacterial and exfoliating properties.

8. Photography:


Acetic acid is used in the development and processing of photographic films and papers.

9. Tanning Industry:


It is utilized in the tanning process of leather as a pickling agent and for adjusting pH levels.

10. Agriculture:


Acetic acid-based herbicides are used for weed control in agriculture.

Acetic Acid FAQ:


1. What is acetic acid?


Ans: Acetic acid, also known as ethanoic acid, is a clear, colorless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH. It is a carboxylic acid and is one of the simplest carboxylic acids.

2. Where is acetic acid found naturally?


Ans: Acetic acid is found naturally in vinegar, giving it its sour taste and pungent smell. It is also present in some fruits and fermented products.

3. What are the main uses of acetic acid?


Ans: Acetic acid has various applications including:

  • Production of vinegar
  • Manufacturing of chemicals such as vinyl acetate monomer (VAM), acetic anhydride, and esters
  • Food preservation and flavoring
  • Textile processing
  • Pharmaceutical production
  • Cleaning and household products
  • Personal care products

4. Is acetic acid safe to consume?


Ans: Dilute acetic acid, as found in vinegar, is generally safe for consumption in moderate amounts. However, concentrated acetic acid can be harmful and should not be ingested.

5. How is acetic acid produced industrially?


Ans: Acetic acid can be produced through the oxidation of ethanol or by the carbonylation of methanol. Industrial production often involves fermentation of sugars by bacteria of the genus Acetobacter, which convert ethanol into acetic acid in the presence of oxygen.

6. What are the hazards associated with acetic acid?


Ans: Concentrated acetic acid can cause skin irritation, eye damage, and respiratory irritation. Precautions should be taken when handling it in its concentrated form. Additionally, it is flammable and should be stored and handled with care.

7. Can acetic acid be used as a cleaning agent?


Ans: Yes, acetic acid is commonly used in household cleaning products such as glass cleaners, surface disinfectants, and descaling agents due to its acidic properties.

8. Is acetic acid biodegradable?


Ans: Yes, acetic acid is biodegradable and does not persist in the environment for long periods, as it can be broken down by microorganisms.

9. What is the pH of acetic acid?


Ans: Acetic acid is a weak acid with a pH typically around 2.4 in a 1 M solution.

10. Can acetic acid be used in the food industry?


Ans: Yes, acetic acid is widely used in the food industry as a preservative and flavoring agent, especially in the production of vinegar and pickled products.
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